THE MOST PROVEN TECHNIQUES FOR STUDYING EFFECTIVELY
Throughout our school lives, we’ve always been told, and have used theses convectional studying techniques;read over your notes, review the class materials, highlight some key points, repeat over and over until it sinks in.
These study tactics have been built into you for years, but the science to it is very clear, and it has been proven that certain study techniques are more efficient than others, so instead of you spending hours and hours trying to search for the right answer. I have done the work for you, and in this article, we’ll show you some techniques that’ll help you develop some advantage over the rest your class, your friends, and your pairs, you’re going about to know some proven techniques for studying in less time than anyone else,
If you want this to sink in, and you want to be a master student, it’s best advice that after you read this article, you take action immediately.
So let’s get started, do you know that there are people so good at remembering things, that they compete in tournaments of learning, and they are known as memory affiliates,in a world memory championship, these people are given 20 minutes to remember 72 random words, and on average, the memory experts scored nearly 71/72(98.6%). And the untrained group scored 26/72 (36.1%).
Another example is Akira Anagushi a 16 year old,in 2006 recited 111,700 digits of pi from memory, at a public event at Tokyo, for 16 hours he kept going and going.
Imagine the power of having a memory like that, and starting today, I would want you to see yourself as one of them, you’re not just a student, teenager, or a grad, but you are a memory athlete.
And you’re going to become someone with such power over your mind that you can recall pages of notes, equations, formulas, that you need, without the endless hours of beating information into your head.
Now the big question is how? Do you need a divine gift? how can you learn it? but the actually fact is that you already have it. picture where the spoons are kept in your kitchen, the socks in your room, the color of your toothbrush, these memory affiliates use an ancient Greek technique known as the memory palaces and once you master this technique, you too can automatically improve your ability to study effectively and finally open up your dormant reserves memory. Now am going to show you how to create your own memory palace. The idea is simple, you walk through an environment, like your house, and you place objects in specific places, and then you match the objects with things that you want to learn, so when you’re trying to remember that information, perhaps the notes you took that day in class, you don’t just think back to your notes, you think of where those notes are in your house. which objects did you attach it to? What’s the color? And when you reapply this until it becomes crystal clear, in your mind. These techniques map new information in your mind onto something that your brain, has already evolved, to do extremely well, recall imagery and specifics locations.
The second technique is this, for thousands of years, people have known that the best way to understand a concept is to explain it someone else, the second technique I want to introduce you to is also known as the protege effect aka teach someone what you want to learn.
According to a 2007 study,it looked at this particular techniques, and the results for the study shows that,
student’s who taught younger students scored higher than students who only learned for themselves.
Why? Well the research has found that when you choose to teach someone, you must understand the material more, to recall it more accurately.
This phenomenon is known as Depth of processing.
The physicist Robert Feynman, created a mental model called Feynman technique, although some of you might have already read somewhere or seen a video on it on YouTube.
This technique has four steps to it,
The first is, you write the name of a concept on the top of a blank piece of paper.
The second is writing down the concept as if you’re teaching it to someone.
The third is to identify what is missing and go back and re-learn it.
The fourth is to review everything, and simplify as much as you can.
Now this technique forces you to deconstruct and reconstruct ideas. to use this method, and learn how to study effectively, identify first what you want to learn and then try to imagine you’re explaining it to a five-year old.
Now for the third technique, master students are committed to effective study strategies, but ship-wrecked students are committed to ineffective study strategies. If I ask you right now, is reading again and again a great way to learn? Is highlighting your notes a good way to learn? Is using mnemonics key words? But all of these are scientifically proven to be relatively low in effectiveness for long term learning. At the other end of the scale, things like practice texts, spreading out your learning, they are scientifically proven to boost your performance.
Let’s take a walk through history, in 2005 a guy called Reagan AR Gurum assessed 229 students, using 11 different techniques of studying, he then matched the techniques with their final exam scores, and many but not all of the techniques they used, they did achieve a better exam scores.
For example the number of hours they put in didn’t help, but things like starting studying early, reading materials before and after class, that also didn’t seem to be effective.
Regan also found the detriments to studying and the major one was listening to music.
So what did he find that does work? When Reagan actually found the technique that strongly predicted your exam score,and the number of times a student did practice for the test.
And there’s one thing above others and it had a significant impact on how well they did on their final exam, he even found that rewriting notes, reviewing highlighted materials it didn’t really impacted the exam scores that much.
So like I said earlier, master students are committed to effective study strategies, but shipwrecked students are committed to ineffective study strategies. What I mean here is that strategies differs and that they are relatives to the person who is using it, a technique that can prove to be effective for a person may not be what is effective to another.
Another technique that i have here is the zeigarnik effect, I don’t know if you guys have heard of this effect.
but this techniques is of the view that you remember unfinished tasks better than tasks you complete. Why is that? Because when we interrupt the task, it creates a task specific tension that can improve your cognitive function. So it’s advisable to step away from your desk as you study, that tiny little tension that you feel. “I still need to finish reviewing my work, I haven’t done the next chapter, I haven’t finished the next paper yet,” it keeps the task on top of your mind, and his keeps your brain focused on it. This way you can easily access that information and actually remember it better.
So how do you take advantage of this technique, you take free breaks during your deep work, the zeigarnik effect suggest that those students who take breaks, during which they perform totally unrelated activities like studying other subjects, reading a book, going on a two minute walk, playing on the piano, they remember materials better than students who go through longer study sessions without taking a break.
A popular way that am sure, most of you have heard of is the pamodral technique, where you work for twenty-five minutes, you take a five minutes break.This is a tip I dearly suggest.
Cramming is better than not studying in the short term, but is 7 hours in one day better than one hour every day for a week, if you were given the same amount of time to study, would you be better of spreading it out, and the answer is a very big yes, spread it out, this is known as the distributive practice.
Distributing learning overtime either in a single study session or a cross study session, it benefits long-term retention better than massive cramming and learning back to back, space your study out and how general you’re and how consistent you’re.
One group of scientist looked at 254 studies involving more than 14,000 people, and overall students remembered more after spaced study than cramming and massive studying.
So at the end of the day, you have to do the technique that works for you, having family and friends around replying to your messages on your smart phone, missing classes. Those aren’t going to help you, but by doing practice test, going to sleep on time, eating the proper nutrition, exercising regularly, explaining what you’ve learnt to others using these techniques and within a short period of time you’ll see that they will work for you.